EC officials declare state of emergency; residents hunker down as storm arrives

From Staff Reports

The Daily Advance

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Just hours after Gov. Pat McCrory declared a state of emergency for North Carolina and the state began feeling the first effects of a major snowstorm, Elizabeth City officials declared a local state of emergency as well.

 The local declaration, which took effect at 5 p.m. Tuesday, came as local officials debated whether to open an emergency shelter for persons needing a place to ride out the storm, expected to dump between 6 and 12 inches of snow and sleet overnight Tuesday and into Wednesday morning.

 Local officials initially said they did not plan to open a shelter. But the situation changed after forecasters began calling for sleet in the Elizabeth City area.

 Christy Saunders, coordinator for Pasquotank-Camden Emergency Management, said between one and three inches of sleet was expected before the snow began falling.

 One of the problems about sleet, besides making roadways dangerous to drive on, is the effect it has on power lines. The formation of ice on top of snow on tree limbs makes the limbs heavy and more prone to falling, and when tree limbs fall, they usually fall on power lines, causing outages.

  With the potential for residents to be without power, a "control group" of local officials began considering the possibility of opening an emergency shelter, either at the K.E. White Center or the Knobbs Creek Recreation Center. Both have been used as shelters in the past during hurricanes. Generators can be set up at both buildings to provide enough power to keep both the lights and hot water heaters on. 

  The complicating factor during the current snowstorm, however, is that local governments don't have large enough generators to power up the buildings' heating systems should the power go out. With temperatures overnight expected to be 15 to 20 degrees and the high on Wednesday forecast at only 25 to 30 degrees, sheltering residents in either building would be problematic.

  City Manager Rich Olson said Tuesday evening that no decision had been made about opening an emergency shelter. He said officials are forming a contingency plan which involves mutual aid agreements, but he declined to be more specific.  

  Local officials have partially activated an emergency operations center at the Pasquotank County Public Safety Building. The center enables local emergency, fire and law enforcement officials to work in a central location where they can keep track of weather-related developments and better coordinate responses.

 Meanwhile, many area residents were hunkering down at home for the impending storm. Local grocery stores reported runs on several food staples — bread, milk and eggs. Snow-removal devices were popular as well. 

 “We sold out of salt yesterday,” Bobby Marchbanks, Walmart store manager, said Tuesday. “We had two pallets of snow shovels (and) ran out of those mid-day yesterday. Everybody is getting prepared for the big blizzard of 2014.”

All area school districts are closed today, after releasing students early on Tuesday.

Elizabeth City-Pasquotank Public Schools has set its makeup day for Saturday, with a two-hour early release. The Perquimans County Schools has also established Saturday as a makeup day for today’s school closings.

The Currituck County Schools has already announced plans to close school on Thursday as well.

“In anticipation of severe inclement weather, and in an effort to provide parents time to make arrangements for child care if needed, Currituck County Schools officials have decided to announce school closures for Wednesday and Thursday,” Assistant Superintendent Sandy Kinzel said in an email Tuesday.

Make-up days will be determined at a later date, Kinzel said.

All scheduled Elizabeth City State University classes and activities have been cancelled for today. Mid-Atlantic Christian University also will be closed today.

College of The Albemarle closed all campuses Tuesday afternoon at 2 p.m., but had made no announcements about Wednesday classes by The Daily Advance’s early presstime Tuesday afternoon.

All sessions of court in the region are canceled Wednesday. County and city offices are also closed.

Area power companies were gearing up for the possibility of outages from the storm.

Spokeswoman Bonita Harris said Dominion N.C. Power had crews prepared to work 12-hour shifts to respond to any potential outages.

“We’ll have extra crews in areas where we expect the biggest impact,” Harris said. “We’re (also) prepared to bring in resources from other areas if needed.”

Dominion’s high-impact areas include Elizabeth City, Camden County, Outer Banks, Williamston and Ahoskie.

One of biggest concerns for electric companies are the road conditions, Harris said. Icy roads not only increase the risk of accidents, they also make it harder for Dominion crews to gain access to areas needing repairs.

Olson said the city’s response to the storm will depend on the amount of snowfall.

“We have no problem handling maybe up to four inches of snow,” he said. “When we get above four inches of snow, we run into some problems.”

The city has private contractors lined up to motor-grade streets. He also said the city’s salt and sand warehouse is full and that crews would be applying salt and sand to roadways early Tuesday.

In the event of a power outage, the following numbers may be used 24-hours-a-day:

• For customers of the city of Elizabeth City, call the city’s water treatment plant at 335-2196.

• For customers of the Albemarle Electric Membership Corporation, call 1-800-274-2072.

• For customers of Dominion Power, call 1-866-DOM-HELP.

The emergency declaration announced by McCrory allows the governor to mobilize resources needed in the storm response. The declaration also is the first step in any later state effort to seek federal funds to help defray the cost of providing emergency services, clearing debris and repairing any damage to public infrastructure. 

Staff reporters William F. West and Corinne Saunders contributed to this report.

ERROR 500 - INTERNAL SERVER ERROR

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In many cases this is not an indication of an actual problem with the server itself but rather a problem with the information the server has been instructed to access or return as a result of the request. This error is often caused by an issue on your site which may require additional review by our support teams.

Our support staff will be happy to assist you in resolving this issue. Please contact our Live Support or reply to any Tickets you may have received from our technicians for further assistance.

Is there anything that I can do?

There are a few common causes for this error code including problems with the individual script that may be executed upon request. Some of these are easier to spot and correct than others.

File and Directory Ownership

The server you are on runs applications in a very specific way in most cases. The server generally expects files and directories be owned by your specific user cPanel user. If you have made changes to the file ownership on your own through SSH please reset the Owner and Group appropriately.

File and Directory Permissions

The server you are on runs applications in a very specific way in most cases. The server generally expects files such as HTML, Images, and other media to have a permission mode of 644. The server also expects the permission mode on directories to be set to 755 in most cases.

(See the Section on Understanding Filesystem Permissions.)

Command Syntax Errors in .htaccess file

In the .htaccess file, you may have added lines that are conflicting with each other or that are not allowed.

If you would like to check a specific rule in your .htaccess file you can comment that specific line in the .htaccess by adding # to the beginning of the line. You should always make a backup of this file before you start making changes.

For example, if the .htaccess looks like

DirectoryIndex default.html
AddType application/x-httpd-php5 php

Then try something like this

DirectoryIndex default.html
#AddType application/x-httpd-php5 php

Note: Due to the way in which our server environments are setup you may not use php_value arguments in a .htaccess file.

Exceeded Process Limits

It is possible that this error is caused by having too many processes in the server queue for your individual account. Every account on our server may only have 25 simultaneous processes active at any point in time whether they are related to your site or other processes owned by your user such as mail.

With SSH (shell) access, you can view the processes running on your account. Simply type this command:

ps faux

Or type this to view a specific user's account (be sure to replace username with the actual username):

ps faux |grep username

Once you have the process ID ("pid"), type this to kill the specific process (be sure to replace pid with the actual process ID):

kill pid

Our server administrators will be able to advise you on how to avoid this error if it is caused by process limitations. Please contact our Live Support or open a Ticket. Be sure to include the steps needed for our support staff to see the 500 error on your site.

Understanding Filesystem Permissions

Symbolic Representation

The first character indicates the file type and is not related to permissions. The remaining nine characters are in three sets, each representing a class of permissions as three characters. The first set represents the user class. The second set represents the group class. The third set represents the others class.

Each of the three characters represent the read, write, and execute permissions:

  • r if reading is permitted, - if it is not.
  • w if writing is permitted, - if it is not.
  • x if execution is permitted, - if it is not.

The following are some examples of symbolic notation:

  • -rwxr-xr-x a regular file whose user class has full permissions and whose group and others classes have only the read and execute permissions.
  • crw-rw-r-- a character special file whose user and group classes have the read and write permissions and whose others class has only the read permission.
  • dr-x------ a directory whose user class has read and execute permissions and whose group and others classes have no permissions.

Numeric Representation

Another method for representing permissions is an octal (base-8) notation as shown. This notation consists of at least three digits. Each of the three rightmost digits represents a different component of the permissions: user, group, and others.

Each of these digits is the sum of its component bits As a result, specific bits add to the sum as it is represented by a numeral:

  • The read bit adds 4 to its total (in binary 100),
  • The write bit adds 2 to its total (in binary 010), and
  • The execute bit adds 1 to its total (in binary 001).

These values never produce ambiguous combinations. each sum represents a specific set of permissions. More technically, this is an octal representation of a bit field – each bit references a separate permission, and grouping 3 bits at a time in octal corresponds to grouping these permissions by user, group, and others.

Permission mode 0755

4+2+1=7
Read, Write, eXecute
4+1=5
Read, eXecute
4+1=5
Read, eXecute

Permission mode 0644

4+2=6
Read, Write
4
Read
4
Read

How to modify your .htaccess file

The .htaccess file contains directives (instructions) that tell the server how to behave in certain scenarios and directly affect how your website functions.

Redirects and rewriting URLs are two very common directives found in a .htaccess file, and many scripts such as WordPress, Drupal, Joomla and Magento add directives to the .htaccess so those scripts can function.

It is possible that you may need to edit the .htaccess file at some point, for various reasons.This section covers how to edit the file in cPanel, but not what may need to be changed.(You may need to consult other articles and resources for that information.)

There are Many Ways to Edit a .htaccess File

  • Edit the file on your computer and upload it to the server via FTP
  • Use an FTP program's Edit Mode
  • Use SSH and a text editor
  • Use the File Manager in cPanel

The easiest way to edit a .htaccess file for most people is through the File Manager in cPanel.

How to Edit .htaccess files in cPanel's File Manager

Before you do anything, it is suggested that you backup your website so that you can revert back to a previous version if something goes wrong.

Open the File Manager

  1. Log into cPanel.
  2. In the Files section, click on the File Manager icon.
  3. Check the box for Document Root for and select the domain name you wish to access from the drop-down menu.
  4. Make sure Show Hidden Files (dotfiles)" is checked.
  5. Click Go. The File Manager will open in a new tab or window.
  6. Look for the .htaccess file in the list of files. You may need to scroll to find it.

To Edit the .htaccess File

  1. Right click on the .htaccess file and click Code Edit from the menu. Alternatively, you can click on the icon for the .htaccess file and then click on the Code Editor icon at the top of the page.
  2. A dialogue box may appear asking you about encoding. Just click Edit to continue. The editor will open in a new window.
  3. Edit the file as needed.
  4. Click Save Changes in the upper right hand corner when done. The changes will be saved.
  5. Test your website to make sure your changes were successfully saved. If not, correct the error or revert back to the previous version until your site works again.
  6. Once complete, you can click Close to close the File Manager window.

How to modify file and directory permissions

The permissions on a file or directory tell the server how in what ways it should be able to interact with a file or directory.

This section covers how to edit the file permissions in cPanel, but not what may need to be changed.(See the section on what you can do for more information.)

There are Many Ways to Edit a File Permissions

  • Use an FTP program
  • Use SSH and a text editor
  • Use the File Manager in cPanel

The easiest way to edit file permissions for most people is through the File Manager in cPanel.

How to Edit file permissions in cPanel's File Manager

Before you do anything, it is suggested that you backup your website so that you can revert back to a previous version if something goes wrong.

Open the File Manager

  1. Log into cPanel.
  2. In the Files section, click on the File Manager icon.
  3. Check the box for Document Root for and select the domain name you wish to access from the drop-down menu.
  4. Make sure Show Hidden Files (dotfiles)" is checked.
  5. Click Go. The File Manager will open in a new tab or window.
  6. Look for the file or directory in the list of files. You may need to scroll to find it.

To Edit the Permissions

  1. Right click on the file or directory and click Change Permissions from the menu.
  2. A dialogue box should appear allowing you to select the correct permissions or use the numerical value to set the correct permissions.
  3. Edit the file permissions as needed.
  4. Click Change Permissions in the lower left hand corner when done. The changes will be saved.
  5. Test your website to make sure your changes were successfully saved. If not, correct the error or revert back to the previous version until your site works again.
  6. Once complete, you can click Close to close the File Manager window.
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haha

Try calling the water plant……………..lotsa luck!!!!

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