There are thousands of apple cultivars worldwide. It seems everyone has a favorite. Some favor the pretty varieties like “Red Delicious,” while others like the sweet ones like “Fuji,” “Honey crisp” or “Gala.” Gala and Honey crisp fruits are early maturing and Fuji apples are late. If I had to choose, I’d say Fuji is the sweetest.
I choose apples based upon their flesh characteristics. Some have qualities that make them more suitable for a particular use. One of my favorites for fresh use in salads is “Cortland.” They’re not common around here as they’re adapted more to northern climates. They aren’t overly sweet, but they have a strong apple flavor.
Cortland apples have attractive white flesh and like “Granny Smith” apples, they are very resistant to browning. They are also quite versatile. They hold together during cooking, so they’re great in pies. Folks who like smooth applesauce might prefer another cultivar. I like mine chunky.
“Mcintosh: is another northern cultivar. They’re usually grown alongside Cortland, and they complement each other. Macs make great smooth applesauce, and I like to use a few in pies to soak up liquid and give the filling more viscosity. I grew up with McIntosh and Cortland, so these two varieties will always have a soft spot in my heart.
One southern variety I especially like is “York.” These fruits are ugly and lopsided. They aren’t especially sweet either, but they keep for a long time and I love their full flavor. York is considered more of a cooking apple, but I like them fresh.
One cultivar I don’t especially like is “Red Delicious.” These are beautiful apples and make great centerpieces, but their flavor is not to my liking. Texture goes downhill rapidly too.
As far as cooking is concerned, they get mushy very quickly, which should be good for applesauce. However, they seem to lose flavor during cooking and the applesauce turns out bland. Despite all this, they’re still the most popular apple cultivar.
“Golden Delicious” lives up the delicious name. They are sweet, crisp and juicy. They also make a fine baking apple. My problem with them is that they hold together a little too well in a pie. They break down very little, so pies often turn out chunky and runny. Another problem with this variety is that the fruits tend to bruise easily.
“Winesap” is a cultivar with a great reputation as a cooking apple. They aren’t especially sweet, but they are very versatile. They make great pies and applesauce. Their flesh has a unique balance of firmness and disintegration when cooked.
In recent years “Pink Lady” apples have gained popularity by leaps and bounds. They remind me a little of a colorful Granny Smith. They’re tart, firm and hold their color well when eaten fresh. They are late maturing, so you won’t see them in stores much early in the fall.
I’ve barely scratched the surface when it comes to apple varieties. Additionally, these are my preferences and you might have differing opinions. Try a new cultivar. You might like it.
Ted Manzer teaches agriculture at Northeastern High School.